Thailand , [a] officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam , [b] is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula composed of 76 provinces. The capital and largest city is Bangkok , a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos , to the east by Laos and Cambodia , to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia , and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest.
Where Is Siam? Which Country Was Formerly Known As Siam?
Thailand - Wikipedia
One World Nations Online. Flag of Thailand. Location map of Thailand. The Thais have their own culture including literature, drama, architecture, music, painting, sculpture, folk dances, and many handicrafts , their own language, their own cuisine, their own martial arts, and their own beliefs, with influences from China and India. After the short-lived kingdom of Sukhothai founded in , a unified Thai kingdom Ayutthaya was established in the midth century; it was known as Siam until Thailand is the only southeast Asian country never have been taken over by a European power.
Thailand is a kingdom of Southeast Asia. Formerly called Kingdom of Siam , Thailand took this new name only since The Thai language, formerly called the Siamese, is the official language of Thailand.
The Thai people , who originally lived in Khmer empire , migrated into mainland Southeast Asia over a period of many centuries. The country's designation as Siam by Westerners likely came from the Portuguese. Portuguese chronicles noted that the Borommatrailokkanat , king of the Ayutthaya Kingdom , sent an expedition to the Malacca Sultanate at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula in