Firsthand experience of Nazism and then Communism marked him for life. These dictatorial regimes claimed to be acting on behalf of the masses, but he could recognize persecution and injustice when he saw it. Settling in the United States, Hollander found thousands and thousands of educated men and women who supported Communism. The virtues they ascribed of their own free will to the Soviet Union were fictions that they were asking the public to take for truth. Not merely deluded, they were also justifying the strong as they set about victimizing the weak.